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Neottia nidus-avis

The stem is 15 to 40 cm high. The bird's nest orchid is yellowish-brown in colour. The inflorescences are grape-like, the flowers are bell-shaped, arranged spirally. Petals are brown and identical; the labellum is split at the top. The leaves are also brown. The empty seed capsules remain until the next year on the dried stem after flowering. The rhizome (10-12 cm) grows horizontally and the roots that come from it, are with a thickness of up to 5 mm and a length of up to 10 cm.
The species flowers from May to the end of June, depending on the climatic conditions in the area. Flowering can be also underground.
This orchid is pollinated mainly by insects; it can be also selfpollinated at the fall of the flowers as the pollen, deposited on the stem as a bloom.

Common names
Bird's-nest orchid
Conservation status
CITES-listed species
This species has been reported 22 times with a total of 51 specimens recorded.
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